17/05/2018 Hospitals, Clinics
Surrogacy is an arrangement by which a woman carries a child for another couple. It is enabled by Assisted Reproductive Technologies processes. The literal meaning of the word ‘surrogate’ is ‘substitute’, ‘deputy’ or ‘replacement’. Hence a surrogate mother is often seen as a substitute mother.
There are primarily two types of surrogacy based on the genetic relationship of the surrogate with the child:
a) Traditional surrogacy: This is an arrangement in which, it involves naturally or artificially inseminating a surrogate with intended father’s sperm via IUI or IVF. With this method, the resulting child is genetically related to intended father and genetically related to the surrogate.
b) Gestational surrogacy: This is an arrangement in which the surrogate is implanted with an embryo created by IVF. The resulting child is genetically unrelated to the surrogate. There are several sub-types of gestational surrogacy.
There are again two types of surrogacy based on the type of transaction involved:
a) Commercial surrogacy: This is an arrangement where the surrogates are financially compensated for the child which they carry to term as part of the surrogacy contract.
b) Altruistic surrogacy: This is an arrangement where the surrogate decides to carry the baby to term as a token of love or out of sympathy. Here no monetary transaction is officially allowed.
know more about Surrogacy in India from this article : http://infertilitydost.com/expert-speaks-articles/surrogacy-in-india
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