Climate change is a major concern across the globe and this has been directly affecting the coastal communities of Sundarbans. It has been hugely affecting the lives and livelihood of the communities living around the coastal region. Hence, we have developed our activities in such a way that it deals with this burning issue and tries to provide adaptive solution to the community. The activities of SEED related to Climate Change Adaptation are briefly shared here-
Climate Adaptive Agriculture: Livelihood, safety and security of Sundarbans people are mainly dependent on natural resources and the climate of the region. All 19 blocks of the Sundarban Biosphere Reserve (SBR) are prone to the climate change affect as anticipated by IPCC. So, the communities living in these blocks in different islands must know the effects of climate change on their livelihoods and how they can adapt to this changing climate. A number of communication programme on regular basis are being organised by means of meetings, workshops, seminars, website and other activities etc. to Increase public awareness and community knowledge regarding possible adverse impacts of climate change.
The changing climate affects the agricultural pattern as the patterns of rainfall, in quantity, timing and frequency in the islands are also changing with time. Attempts are also being made with persuasion to introduce sustainable livelihood options in respect of the changing scenario. To reach the desired goal, several interactions with coastal rural communities of in Sagar Island (Sundarban) were organised to make them aware about climate change effects on their daily lives and how they can adapt with it through various alternate livelihood options.
Cadastral Level Survey: A survey has been carried out in a pilot scale. Muriganga–I Gram Panchayat of Sagar block, Sundarban was selected for detailed cadastral plot level survey. Located in the northern most tip of the Sagar Island, Muriganga–I G.P is one of the most vulnerable gram panchayat in Sagar block and is flanked on both sides by the Rivers Hooghly and Muriganga. Inundation of parts of this gram panchayat due to embankment breaching and consequent salt water intrusion and flooding are quite common phenomenon here due to its typical physiographic set up.
Mapping of the Landuse, natural resources, assets and amenities like sources of drinking water etc. up to the level of cadastral plot has been completed. At present, field survey is going on to know how Inundation through embankment breaching, salt water intrusion and flooding has affected and also going to affect the current status of livelihood of the community in the area and the consequent actions of the local community to cope with such adverse change of climate based on traditional wisdom and knowledge. Presently, the causes of natural degradation of the embankment which is the lifeline of the people residing in this gram panchayat, rainfall period and its intensity, storm surges, fresh water shortage, salinity of soil etc. are being measured and delineated through field survey.